Corrective Jaw Surgery
Corrective Jaw Surgery aims to correct irregular jawbones by realigning jaws and teeth to improve their function. Corrective Jaw Surgery may entail wearing braces before and after the procedure to ensure full recovery and alignment. Jaw Surgery is necessary if there is a skeletal disproportion, where the problems cannot be resolved solely with Orthodontics. Corrective Jaw Surgery works to correct issues with facial form and appearance, occlusion and temporomandibular joint function, which impacts upon the patients quality of life. Essentially, these procedures correct facial imbalance creating facial harmony and function.
When is surgery required?
A Dentist or Orthodontist will suggest Corrective Jaw Surgery when a patient has difficulty chewing or biting, or if they experience chronic jaw (TMJ) pain, headaches and has difficulty swallowing. Defects of the jaw can cause pain and affect a patient’s eating habits, speaking ability and physical appearance.
Correcting the alignment of jaws and teeth with Corrective Jaw Surgery will result in a balanced and symmetrical appearance of the lower face, improved function and wear of the teeth, better sleeping patterns in terms of breathing and an improvement in speech impairments. Corrective Jaw Surgery is also aimed at treating cosmetic imperfections to ideally achieve a golden beauty ratio by correcting facial imbalance to maintain facial symmetry.
How is surgery performed?
Maxillofacial and Oral Surgeons perform Corrective Jaw Surgery in theatre while a patient is under general anaesthetic. The surgical procedure can be highly complex, depending on the severity of the jaw defect. Surgery may only proceed once presurgical orthodontic treatment has been concluded.
Dr Naidoo will work to expose the bone and soft tissue of the jaws before repositioning them and reconnecting tissues. Incisions are usually made on the inside of the mouth to minimise scarring. Once the bones of the jaws are in place, screws and plates are used to hold them together, and the wounds are stitched. After surgery, Dr Naidoo will explain the recovery process to ensure patients make a full recovery. Post-operative orthodontics commences approximately two weeks post-operatively.